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Flag El Salvador El Salvador (Republik El Salvador) Einfach online registrieren - damit wir Sie im Fall des Falles besser unterstützen können. des Auswärtigen Amts Auswärtiges Amt Website der deutschen Ratspräsidentschaft Deutschland und El Salvador: Bilaterale Beziehungen. Fluggesellschaften sind seitens der Behörden von El Salvador angewiesen, nur Offizielle Webseite zur deutschen Präsidentschaft im Rat der. El Salvador (deutsche Aussprache [ɛl zalvaˈdoːɐ̯], spanische Aussprache [ el salβaˈðoɾ]; August , online: [7]; ↑ El Salvador: Departamentos, Städte & Agglomerationen - Einwohnerzahlen in Karten und Tabellen. Abgerufen am. Herzlich Willkommen in der Welt der Maya von El Salvador. Eine abenteuerliche Reise in die Zeit der antiken Maya, die unter Vulkanasche versteinert wurden.

El salvador website

Informationen zur Menschenrechtssituation in El Salvador aus der Sicht von Amnesty Link zum Original (englisch) in der internationalen Website von Amnesty. Espresso El Salvador online kaufen ✚ Kostenloser Versand ✓ Retoure ✚ 10% Newsletter Rabatt ✚ ovrevasastaden.se: Hier erfährst du mehr zu den Personen, die die Seiten verwalten und Beiträge darin posten. Seite erstellt – Juni Personen.

Cuzcatlec warriors moved to the coastal city of Acajutla and waited for Alvarado and his forces. Alvarado approached, confident that the result would be similar to what occurred in Mexico and Guatemala.

He thought he would easily deal this new indigenous force since the Mexican allies on his side and the Pipil spoke a similar language.

Alvarado described the Cuzcatlec soldiers as having shields decorated with colourful exotic feathers, a vest-like armour made of three inch cotton which arrows could not penetrate, and long spears.

Both armies suffered many casualties, with a wounded Alvarado retreating and losing a lot of his men, especially among the Mexican Indian auxiliaries.

Once his army had regrouped, Alvarado decided to head to the Cuzcatlan capital and again faced armed Cuzcatlec.

Wounded, unable to fight and hiding in the cliffs, Alvarado sent his Spanish men on their horses to approach the Cuzcatlec to see if they would fear the horses, but they did not retreat, Alvarado recalls in his letters to Hernan Cortez.

The Cuzcatlec attacked again, and on this occasion stole Spanish weaponry. Alvarado retreated and sent Mexican messengers to demand that the Cuzcatlec warriors return the stolen weapons and surrender to their opponent's king.

The Cuzcatlec responded with the famous response, "If you want your weapons, come get them". As days passed, Alvarado, fearing an ambush, sent more Mexican messengers to negotiate, but these messengers never came back and were presumably executed.

The Spanish efforts were firmly resisted by Pipil and their Mayan-speaking neighbours. They defeated the Spaniards and what was left of their Tlaxcalan allies, forcing them to withdraw to Guatemala.

After being wounded, Alvarado abandoned the war and appointed his brother, Gonzalo de Alvarado , to continue the task.

Two subsequent expeditions the first in , followed by a smaller group in brought the Pipil under Spanish control, since the Pipil also were weakened by a regional epidemic of smallpox.

The Spanish faced much resistance from the Pipil and were not able to reach eastern El Salvador, the area of the Lencas. In the Spanish founded the garrison town of San Miguel in northern Managuara—territory of the Lenca, headed by another explorer and conquistador, Luis de Moscoso Alvarado , nephew of Pedro Alvarado.

Through surprise attacks and overwhelming numbers, they were able to drive the Spanish out of San Miguel and destroy the garrison.

For ten years the Lencas prevented the Spanish from building a permanent settlement. Then the Spanish returned with more soldiers, including about 2, forced conscripts from indigenous communities in Guatemala.

Antu Silan Ulap eventually handed over control of the Lenca resistance to Lempira also called Empira. Lempira was noteworthy among indigenous leaders in that he mocked the Spanish by wearing their clothes after capturing them and using their weapons captured in battle.

Lempira fought in command of thousands of Lenca forces for six more years in Managuara until he was killed in battle. The remaining Lenca forces retreated into the hills.

The Spanish were then able to rebuild their garrison town of San Miguel in The Salvadoran territory was administered by the Mayor of Sonsonate, with San Salvador being established as an intendencia in In , a combination of internal and external factors motivated Central American elites to attempt to gain independence from the Spanish Crown.

The most important internal factors were the desire of local elites to control the country's affairs free of involvement from Spanish authorities, and the long-standing Creole aspiration for independence.

The main external factors motivating the independence movement were the success of the French and American revolutions in the 18th century, and the weakening of the Spanish Crown's military power as a result of the Napoleonic Wars , with the resulting inability to control its colonies effectively.

This insurrection was suppressed, and many of its leaders were arrested and served sentences in jail. Another insurrection was launched in , which was also suppressed.

In in light of unrest in Guatemala, Spanish authorities capitulated and signed the Act of Independence of Central America , which released all of the Captaincy of Guatemala comprising current territories of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica and the Mexican state of Chiapas from Spanish rule and declared its independence.

El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries. A Mexican military detachment marched to San Salvador and suppressed dissent, but with the fall of Iturbide on 19 March , the army decamped back to Mexico.

Shortly thereafter, the authorities of the provinces revoked the vote to join Mexico, deciding instead to form a federal union of the five remaining provinces.

Chiapas permanently joined Mexico at this juncture. When the Federal Republic of Central America dissolved in , El Salvador maintained its own government until it joined Honduras and Nicaragua in to form the Greater Republic of Central America , which dissolved in After the midth century, the economy was based on coffee growing.

As the world market for indigo withered away, the economy prospered or suffered as the world coffee price fluctuated. The enormous profits that coffee yielded as a monoculture export served as an impetus for the concentration of land into the hands of an oligarchy of just a few families.

In , the national guard was created as a rural police force. Once in office he revived the practice of presidents designating their successors.

After serving his term, he remained active in the Army of El Salvador and was killed 11 July , at El Jicaro during a war against Guatemala. Until El Salvador was politically stable, with undercurrents of popular discontent.

When President Manuel Enrique Araujo was killed in , many hypotheses were advanced for the political motive of his murder. Araujo's administration was followed by the Melendez-Quinonez dynasty that lasted from to His government lasted only nine months before it was overthrown by junior military officers who accused his Labor Party of lacking political and governmental experience and of using its government offices inefficiently.

President Araujo faced general popular discontent, as the people had expected economic reforms and the redistribution of land. There were demonstrations in front of the National Palace from the first week of his administration.

Only the First Regiment of Cavalry and the National Police defended the presidency the National Police had been on its payroll , but later that night, after hours of fighting, the badly outnumbered defenders surrendered to rebel forces.

The revolt was probably caused by the army's discontent at not having been paid by President Araujo for some months. Araujo left the National Palace and unsuccessfully tried to organize forces to defeat the revolt.

The U. He resigned six months prior to running for re-election, winning back the presidency as the only candidate on the ballot. He ruled from to , then from to He began a fourth term in but resigned in May after a general strike.

Only Cuenca survived; the other insurgents were killed by the government. After the capture of the movement leaders, the insurrection erupted in a disorganized and mob-controlled fashion, resulting in government repression that was later referred to as La Matanza The Massacre , because tens of thousands of citizens died in the ensuing chaos on the orders of President Martinez.

Their goal was to help poor and underprivileged Salvadorans through the use of Marxist-Leninist ideology strongly rejecting Stalinism.

They helped start a guerrilla revolt of indigenous farmers. The government responded by killing over 30, people at what was to have been a "peaceful meeting" in The Communist-led rebellion, fomented by collapsing coffee prices, enjoyed some initial success, but was soon drowned in a bloodbath.

Historically, the high Salvadoran population density has contributed to tensions with neighbouring Honduras , as land-poor Salvadorans emigrated to less densely populated Honduras and established themselves as squatters on unused or underused land.

This phenomenon was a major cause of the Football War between the two countries. The Christian Democratic Party PDC and the National Conciliation Party PCN were active in Salvadoran politics from until , when they were disbanded by the Supreme Court because they had failed to win enough votes in the presidential election; [48] Both parties have since reconstituted.

They share common ideals, but one represents the middle class and the latter the interests of the Salvadoran military. Duarte later ran for president with a political grouping called the National Opposition Union UNO but was defeated in the presidential elections.

He lost to the ex-Minister of Interior, Col. Arturo Armando Molina , in an election that was widely viewed as fraudulent; Molina was declared the winner even though Duarte was said to have received a majority of the votes.

Duarte, at some army officers' request, supported a revolt to protest the election fraud, but was captured, tortured and later exiled. Duarte returned to the country in to enter politics after working on projects in Venezuela as an engineer.

It nationalized many private companies and took over much privately owned land. The purpose of this new junta was to stop the revolutionary movement already underway in response to Duarte's stolen election.

Nevertheless, the oligarchy opposed agrarian reform , and a junta formed with young liberal elements from the army such as Gen.

Majano and Gen. Gutierrez , [49] [50] as well as with progressives such as Guillermo Ungo and Alvarez.

Pressure from the oligarchy soon dissolved the junta because of its inability to control the army in its repression of the people fighting for unionization rights, agrarian reform, better wages, accessible health care and freedom of expression.

In the meantime, the guerrilla movement was spreading to all sectors of Salvadoran society. By the end of the s, government-contracted death squads were killing about 10 people each day.

Meanwhile the FMLN had 6, — 8, active guerrillas and hundreds of thousands of part-time militia, supporters, and sympathizers. However, a revolution was already underway and his new role as head of the junta was seen by the general population as opportunistic.

He was unable to influence the outcome of the insurrection. He was considered "the voice of the voiceless", but he was assassinated by a death squad while saying Mass on 24 March An unknown number of people "disappeared" during the conflict, and the UN reports that more than 75, were killed.

This event, held at Chapultepec Castle in Mexico, was attended by U. After signing the armistice, the president stood up and shook hands with all the now ex-guerrilla commanders, an action which was widely admired.

The so-called Chapultepec Peace Accords mandated reductions in the size of the army, and the dissolution of the National Police, the Treasury Police, the National Guard and the Civilian Defence, a paramilitary group.

A new Civil Police was to be organized. In the Commission delivered its findings reporting human rights violations on both sides of the conflict. The unsuccessful attempts of the left-wing party to win presidential elections led to its selection of a journalist rather than a former guerrilla leader as a candidate.

He was inaugurated on 1 June One focus of the Funes government has been revealing the alleged corruption from the past government.

Economic reforms since the early s brought major benefits in terms of improved social conditions, diversification of the export sector, and access to international financial markets at investment grade level.

Crime remains a major problem for the investment climate. It is the only Central American country that has no Caribbean coastline.

El Salvador has over rivers, the most important of which is the Rio Lempa. Originating in Guatemala, the Rio Lempa cuts across the northern range of mountains, flows along much of the central plateau, and cuts through the southern volcanic range to empty into the Pacific.

It is El Salvador's only navigable river. It and its tributaries drain about half of the country's area. Other rivers are generally short and drain the Pacific lowlands or flow from the central plateau through gaps in the southern mountain range to the Pacific.

Two parallel mountain ranges cross El Salvador to the west with a central plateau between them and a narrow coastal plain hugging the Pacific.

These physical features divide the country into two physiographic regions. The remaining coastal plains are referred to as the Pacific lowlands.

El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change.

The Pacific lowlands are uniformly hot; the central plateau and mountain areas are more moderate. The rainy season extends from May to October; this time of year is referred to as invierno or winter.

Protected areas and the central plateau receive less, although still significant, amounts. Rainfall during this season generally comes from low pressure systems formed over the Pacific and usually falls in heavy afternoon thunderstorms.

From November through April, the northeast trade winds control weather patterns; this time of year is referred to as verano , or summer. During these months, air flowing from the Caribbean has lost most of its precipitation while passing over the mountains in Honduras.

By the time this air reaches El Salvador, it is dry, hot, and hazy, and the country experiences hot weather, excluding the northern higher mountain ranges, where temperatures are generally cooler.

El Salvador lies along the Pacific Ring of Fire and is thus subject to significant tectonic activity, including frequent earthquakes and volcanic activity.

The capital San Salvador was destroyed in and , and it suffered heavy damage in the , , and tremors. Recent examples include the earthquake on 13 January that measured 7.

El Salvador has over twenty volcanoes; two of them, San Miguel and Izalco , have been active in recent years. From the early 19th century to the mids, Izalco erupted with a regularity that earned it the name "Lighthouse of the Pacific".

Its brilliant flares were clearly visible for great distances at sea, and at night its glowing lava turned it into a brilliant luminous cone. The most recent destructive volcanic eruption took place on 1 October , when the Santa Ana Volcano spewed a cloud of ash, hot mud and rocks that fell on nearby villages and caused two deaths.

The most severe volcanic eruption in this area occurred in the 5th century AD when the Ilopango volcano erupted with a VEI strength of 6, producing widespread pyroclastic flows and devastating Mayan cities.

It is estimated that there are species of birds, 1, species of butterflies, species of orchids, species of trees, and species of marine fish in El Salvador.

There are eight species of sea turtles in the world; six of them nest on the coasts of Central America, and four make their home on the Salvadoran coast: the leatherback turtle , the hawksbill , the green sea turtle , and the olive ridley.

The hawksbill is critically endangered. Recent conservation efforts provide hope for the future of the country's biological diversity.

In , the government established the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources. A general environmental framework law was approved by the National Assembly in Several non-governmental organizations are doing work to safeguard some of the country's most important forested areas.

Foremost among these is SalvaNatura, which manages El Impossible, the country's largest national park under an agreement with El Salvador's environmental authorities.

The constitution is the highest legal authority in the country. El Salvador has a democratic and representative government, whose three bodies are:.

The political framework of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic with a multiform, multi-party system.

The President , currently Nayib Bukele , is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Legislative Assembly. The country also has an independent judiciary and Supreme Court.

El Salvador has a multi-party system. The FMLN Party is leftist in ideology, and is split between the dominant Marxist-Leninist faction in the legislature, and the social liberal wing led by President Funes.

However, the two-party dominance was broken after Nayib Bukele,a candidate from Nuevas Ideas won the Salvadoran presidential election. Geographically, the departments of the Central region, especially the capital and the coastal regions, known as departamentos rojos, or red departments, are relatively Leftist.

The departamentos azules, or blue departments in the east, western and highland regions are relatively conservative. It actively participates in the Central American Security Commission, which seeks to promote regional arms control.

El Salvador is a member of the World Trade Organization and is pursuing regional free trade agreements. An active participant in the Summit of the Americas process, El Salvador chairs a working group on market access under the Free Trade Area of the Americas initiative.

The other nations had overriding self-interests, which made it impossible for them to support San Salvador's attempt to bring the invasion before the General Assembly.

El Salvador has an army, air force, and modest navy. There are around 17, personnel in the armed forces in total. Amnesty International has drawn attention to several arrests of police officers for unlawful police killings.

Other issues to gain Amnesty International's attention include missing children, failure of law enforcement to properly investigate and prosecute crimes against women, and rendering organized labour illegal.

El Salvador is divided into 14 departments departamentos , which in turn are subdivided into municipalities municipios. El Salvador's economy has been hampered at times by natural disasters such as earthquakes and hurricanes, by government policies that mandate large economic subsidies, and by official corruption.

President Funes' chief of cabinet, Alex Segovia, acknowledged that the economy was at the "point of collapse".

The service sector is the largest component of GDP at Agriculture represents The GDP grew after at an annual rate that averaged 3.

The government committed to free market initiatives, and the GDP's real growth rate was 4. Having this hard currency buffer to work with, the Salvadoran government undertook a monetary integration plan beginning in January by which the U.

Thus, the government has formally limited the implementing of open market monetary policies to influence short-term variables in the economy. With the adoption of the U.

Any counter-cyclical policy response to the downturn must be through fiscal policy, which is constrained by legislative requirements for a two-thirds majority to approve any international financing.

It has long been a challenge in El Salvador to develop new growth sectors for a more diversified economy.

In the past, the country produced gold and silver, [77] but recent attempts to reopen the mining sector, which were expected to add hundreds of millions of dollars to the local economy, collapsed after President Saca shut down the operations of Pacific Rim Mining Corporation.

Nevertheless, according to the Central American Institute for Fiscal Studies Instituto Centroamericano for Estudios Fiscales , the contribution of metallic mining was a minuscule 0.

President Funes later rejected a company's application for a further permit based on the risk of cyanide contamination on one of the country's main rivers.

As with other former colonies, El Salvador was considered a mono-export economy an economy that depended heavily on one type of export for many years.

During colonial times, El Salvador was a thriving exporter of indigo , but after the invention of synthetic dyes in the 19th century, the newly created modern state turned to coffee as the main export.

The government has sought to improve the collection of its current revenues, with a focus on indirect taxes.

Inflation has been steady and among the lowest in the region. El Salvador has promoted an open trade and investment environment and has embarked on a wave of privatization extending to telecommunications, electricity distribution, banking, and pension funds.

CAFTA has bolstered exports of processed foods, sugar, and ethanol, and supported investment in the apparel sector, which faced Asian competition with the expiration of the Multi Fibre Arrangement in In anticipation of the declines in the apparel sector's competitiveness, the previous administration sought to diversify the economy by promoting the country as a regional distribution and logistics hub, and by promoting tourism investment through tax incentives.

El Salvador leads the region in remittances per capita, with inflows equivalent to nearly all export income; about a third of all households receive these financial inflows.

Remittances have had positive and negative effects on El Salvador. While Salvadoran education levels have gone up, wage expectations have risen faster than either skills or productivity.

For example, some Salvadorans are no longer willing to take jobs that pay them less than what they receive monthly from family members abroad.

This has led to an influx of Hondurans and Nicaraguans who are willing to work for the prevailing wage.

Also, the local propensity for consumption over investment has increased. Money from remittances has increased prices for certain commodities such as real estate.

With much higher wages, many Salvadorans abroad can afford higher prices for houses in El Salvador than local Salvadorans, and thus push up the prices that all Salvadorans must pay.

Embassy in San Salvador pointed to official corruption under the Saca administration as a significant reason for public rejection of continued ARENA government.

According to a secret diplomatic cable made public by WikiLeaks, "While the Salvadoran public may be inured to self-serving behaviour by politicians, many in ARENA believe that the brazen manner in which Saca and his people are widely perceived to have used their positions for personal enrichment went beyond the pale.

Furthermore, considerable evidence exists, including from U. Subsequent policies under Funes administrations improved El Salvador to foreign investment, and the World Bank in rated El Salvador , a little better than Belize and Nicaragua in the World Bank's annual " Ease of doing business " index.

As per Santander Trade, a Spanish think tank in foreign investment, "Foreign investment into El Salvador has been steadily growing during the last few years.

In , the influx of FDI increased. The government has made little progress in terms of improving the business climate. In addition to this, the limited size of its domestic market, weak infrastructures and institutions, as well as the high level of criminality have been real obstacles to investors.

However, El Salvador is the second most "business friendly" country in South America in terms of business taxation. It also has a young and skilled labour force and a strategic geographical position.

Foreign companies have lately resorted to arbitration in international trade tribunals in total disagreement with Salvadoran government policies.

In , El Salvador sought international arbitration against Italy's Enel Green Power, on behalf of Salvadoran state-owned electric companies for a geothermal project Enel had invested in.

Four years later, Enel indicated it would seek arbitration against El Salvador, blaming the government for technical problems that prevent it from completing its investment.

The dispute came to an end in December when both parties came to a settlement, from which no details have been released.

Embassy warned in that the Salvadoran government's populist policies of mandating artificially low electricity prices were damaging private sector profitability, including the interests of American investors in the energy sector.

Embassy noted the corruption of El Salvador's judicial system and quietly urged American businesses to include "arbitration clauses, preferably with a foreign venue", when doing business in the country.

A report by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development [1] indicates that one third of the generation of electricity in El Salvador was publicly owned while two thirds was in American hands and other foreign ownership.

It is only natural for a small, under-developed country like El Salvador to subsidize some of the resources for the vast majority of its poor population.

In terms of how people perceived the levels of public corruption in , El Salvador ranks 80 out of countries as per the Corruption Perception Index.

It was estimated that 1,, international tourists visited El Salvador in This represented 3. El Salvador's tourism landscape is slightly different from those of other Central American countries.

Because of its geographic size and urbanization there are not many nature-themed tourist destinations such as ecotours or archaeological sites open to the public.

Surfing is a natural tourism sector that has gained popularity in recent years as Salvadoran beaches have become increasingly popular. Surfers visit many beaches on the coast of La Libertad and the east end of El Salvador.

The use of the U. Urbanization and Americanization of Salvadoran culture has led to the abundance of American-style malls, stores, and restaurants in the three main urban areas, especially greater San Salvador.

The level of access to water supply and sanitation has been increased significantly. A conducted study by the University of North Carolina called El Salvador the country that has achieved the greatest progress in the world in terms of increased access to water supply and sanitation and the reduction of inequity in access between urban and rural areas.

Institutionally a single public institution is both de facto in charge of setting sector policy and of being the main service provider. Attempts at reforming and modernizing the sector through new laws have not borne fruit over the past 20 years.

El Salvador's population was 6,, in , [4] [5] compared to 2,, in In the percentage of the population below the age of 15 was Urbanization has expanded at a phenomenal rate in El Salvador since the s, with millions moving to the cities and creating associated problems for urban planning and services.

There are up to , Nicaraguans living in El Salvador. El Salvador's population is composed of mixed races as well as people of indigenous, European, or Afro-descendant ancestry among smaller diasporas of Middle and Far Eastern groups.

Eighty-six per cent of Salvadorans identify with mestizo ancestry. The majority of Salvadorans of Spanish descent possess Mediterranean features: olive skin and dark hair and eyes black or dark brown.

The ethnic groups are Kakawira which represents 0. Very few Amerindians have retained their customs and traditions, having over time assimilated into the dominant mestizo culture.

Among the immigrant groups in El Salvador, Palestinian Christians stand out. As of [update] , there were approximately 3. By , there were about 2.

Salvadorans also live in other nearby countries such as Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua. Castillian, also known as Spanish, is the official language and is spoken by virtually all inhabitants, although some indigenous people speak also their native tongues, such as Nawat and Poqomam.

Q'eqchi' is spoken by immigrants of Guatemalan and Belizean indigenous people living in El Salvador. Like other regions of Central and South America, Salvadoran use voseo.

The local Spanish vernacular is called caliche , which is considered informal. The majority of the population in El Salvador is Christian.

The public education system in El Salvador is severely lacking in resources. Class sizes in public schools can be as large as 50 children per classroom.

Salvadorans who can afford the cost often choose to send their children to private schools, which are regarded as being better-quality than public schools.

Most private schools follow American, European or other advanced systems. Lower-income families are forced to rely on public education.

Education in El Salvador is free through high school. After nine years of basic education elementary—middle school , students have the option of a two-year high school or a three-year high school.

A two-year high school prepares the student for transfer to a university. A three-year high school allows the student to graduate and enter the workforce in a vocational career, or to transfer to a university to further their education in their chosen field.

Universities in El Salvador include a central public institution, the Universidad de El Salvador , and many other specialized private universities.

Since the early twenty-first century, El Salvador has experienced high crime rates, including gang-related crimes and juvenile delinquency.

Super Mano Dura had little success and was highly criticized by the United Nations. It experienced temporary success in but there was a rise in crime after Maras are hunted by death squads including Sombra Negra.

New rivals also include the rising mara, The Rebels In early , there were an average of 16 killings per day; in late March of that year that number dropped to fewer than 5 per day.

On 14 April for the first time in over 3 years there were no killings in El Salvador. Presently, the Alto al Crimen or Crime Stoppers program is in operation and provides financial rewards for information leading to the capture of gang leadership.

Pulling from indigenous, colonial Spanish and African influences, a composite population was formed as a result of intermarrying between the natives, European settlers, and enslaved Africans.

The Catholic Church plays an important role in the Salvadoran culture. Painting, ceramics and textiles are the principal manual artistic mediums.

One of El Salvador's notable dishes is the pupusa. Sometimes the filling is queso con loroco cheese combined with loroco , a vine flower bud native to Central America.

There are also vegetarian options. Some adventurous restaurants even offer pupusas stuffed with shrimp or spinach.

The name pupusa comes from the Pipil-Nahuatl word, pupushahua. As part of the U. Embassy in San Salvador provided a donation consisting of three ultra-low freezers….

August 19, It is a great honor for me to be here this morning and to make the official presentation of this donation to….

S Embassy reminds U. Hispanic Americans have contributed to every segment of U. Here are five whose talents have propelled them to the top of their fields.

See the many ways that the U. Footer Disclaimer This is the official website of the U. Embassy in El Salvador. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

Repatriation Flight Booking Info. Remarks by President Donald Trump. Emergency Assistance.

El Salvador Website Eine abenteuerliche Reise in die Zeit der antiken Mayas, die unter Vulkanasche begraben wurden

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Very few Amerindians have retained their customs and traditions, having over time assimilated into the dominant mestizo culture. Among the immigrant groups in El Salvador, Palestinian Christians stand out.

As of [update] , there were approximately 3. By , there were about 2. Salvadorans also live in other nearby countries such as Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua.

Castillian, also known as Spanish, is the official language and is spoken by virtually all inhabitants, although some indigenous people speak also their native tongues, such as Nawat and Poqomam.

Q'eqchi' is spoken by immigrants of Guatemalan and Belizean indigenous people living in El Salvador. Like other regions of Central and South America, Salvadoran use voseo.

The local Spanish vernacular is called caliche , which is considered informal. The majority of the population in El Salvador is Christian.

The public education system in El Salvador is severely lacking in resources. Class sizes in public schools can be as large as 50 children per classroom.

Salvadorans who can afford the cost often choose to send their children to private schools, which are regarded as being better-quality than public schools.

Most private schools follow American, European or other advanced systems. Lower-income families are forced to rely on public education. Education in El Salvador is free through high school.

After nine years of basic education elementary—middle school , students have the option of a two-year high school or a three-year high school.

A two-year high school prepares the student for transfer to a university. A three-year high school allows the student to graduate and enter the workforce in a vocational career, or to transfer to a university to further their education in their chosen field.

Universities in El Salvador include a central public institution, the Universidad de El Salvador , and many other specialized private universities.

Since the early twenty-first century, El Salvador has experienced high crime rates, including gang-related crimes and juvenile delinquency. Super Mano Dura had little success and was highly criticized by the United Nations.

It experienced temporary success in but there was a rise in crime after Maras are hunted by death squads including Sombra Negra.

New rivals also include the rising mara, The Rebels In early , there were an average of 16 killings per day; in late March of that year that number dropped to fewer than 5 per day.

On 14 April for the first time in over 3 years there were no killings in El Salvador. Presently, the Alto al Crimen or Crime Stoppers program is in operation and provides financial rewards for information leading to the capture of gang leadership.

Pulling from indigenous, colonial Spanish and African influences, a composite population was formed as a result of intermarrying between the natives, European settlers, and enslaved Africans.

The Catholic Church plays an important role in the Salvadoran culture. Painting, ceramics and textiles are the principal manual artistic mediums.

One of El Salvador's notable dishes is the pupusa. Sometimes the filling is queso con loroco cheese combined with loroco , a vine flower bud native to Central America.

There are also vegetarian options. Some adventurous restaurants even offer pupusas stuffed with shrimp or spinach.

The name pupusa comes from the Pipil-Nahuatl word, pupushahua. The origins of the pupusa are debated, although its presence in El Salvador is known to predate the arrival of the Spaniards.

Two other typical Salvadoran dishes are yuca frita and panes con pollo. Yuca frita is deep fried cassava root served with curtido a pickled cabbage, onion and carrot topping and pork rinds with pescaditas fried baby sardines.

Yuca is sometimes served boiled instead of fried. The bird is marinated and then roasted with spices and hand-pulled.

This sandwich is traditionally served with tomato and watercress along with cucumber, onion, lettuce, mayonnaise, and mustard.

One of El Salvador's typical breakfasts is fried plantain, usually served with cream. It is common in Salvadoran restaurants and homes, including those of immigrants to the United States.

Alguashte , a condiment made from dried, ground pepitas , is commonly incorporated into savoury and sweet Salvadoran dishes.

It is a layered cake that is soaked in orange marmalade and sprinkled with powdered sugar. One of the most popular desserts is the cake Pastel de tres leches Cake of three milks , consisting of three types of milk: evaporated milk, condensed milk, and cream.

A popular drink that Salvadorans enjoy is horchata. Horchata is most commonly made of the morro seed ground into a powder and added to milk or water, and sugar.

Horchata is drank year-round, and can be drank at any time of day. It mostly is accompanied by a plate of pupusas or fried yuca.

Horchata from El Salvador has a very distinct taste and is not to be confused with Mexican horchata , which is rice-based.

Coffee is also a common morning beverage. Traditional Salvadoran music is a mixture of indigenous, Spanish, and African influences. It includes religious songs mostly used to celebrate Christmas and other holidays, especially feast days of the saints.

Other musical repertoire consists of danza, pasillo, marcha and cancione which are compsed of parading bands, street performances, or onstage dances, either in groups or paired.

Satirical and rural lyrical themes are common. Traditional instruments used are the marimba , tepehuaste , flutes, drums, scrapers and gourds , as well as guitars among others.

El Salvador's well known folk dance is known as Xuc which originated in Cojutepeque , Cuscatlan. Caribbean, Colombian, and Mexican music has become customary listening radio and party in the country, especially boleros, cumbia, merengue, Latin pop, salsa, bachata, and reggaeton.

Football is the most popular sport in El Salvador. Their qualification for the tournament was marred by the Football War , a war against Honduras , whose team El Salvador's had defeated.

It opened in and seats 53,, making it the largest stadium in Central America and the Caribbean. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Country in Central America. This article is about the country in Central America. For other uses, see El Salvador disambiguation.

Coat of arms. The United States dollar is the currency in use. Financial information can be expressed in U. Main article: History of El Salvador.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Spanish conquest of El Salvador. Further information: Salvadoran Civil War.

Main article: Geography of El Salvador. Main article: Climate of El Salvador. Main article: Politics of El Salvador.

Further information: List of political parties in El Salvador. Main article: Human rights in El Salvador. Further information: Departments of El Salvador.

Main article: Economy of El Salvador. Further information: Tourism in El Salvador. Main article: Demographics of El Salvador.

Further information: List of cities in El Salvador. Main article: Religion in El Salvador. Further information: Education in El Salvador. Main article: Crime in El Salvador.

Main article: Culture of El Salvador. Main article: Salvadoran cuisine. Main article: Music of El Salvador.

Main article: Sport in El Salvador. Retrieved 31 December Culling the Masses. Harvard University Press. Retrieved 9 November International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 7 March World Bank. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 8 July Retrieved 4 April The Pipil Language of El Salvador.

Mouton Publishers. Google Books. Culture and Customs of El Salvador. Greenwood Publishing Group. Algora Publishing. Westview Press.

El Salvador: Peace on Trial. The History of Central America. El Salvador. Marshall Cavendish. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved 18 October Bradsahaw Foundation.

Retrieved 5 April The History of El Salvador. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. Walter de Gruyter. Fowler, Jr. CRC Press.

Ministerio de Cultura. Smallpox in the New World. Countryman Press. University of Alabama Press. The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology.

Oxford University Press. Index to the Bulletin of the Pan American Union. Pan American Union. Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 29 July — via Google Books.

Curbstone Press. Retrieved 29 July Country Studies US. Library of Congress. Retrieved 17 March BBC News. Retrieved 2 July Archived from the original on 11 August Kellogg Institute for International Studies.

University of Notre Dame. Archived from the original on 8 April Krane International Studies Quarterly. El Equipo Nizkor. United Nations Security Council.

Los Angeles Times. United States Institute for Peace. The Commission on the Truth for El Salvador. Diario CoLatino. Archived from the original on 6 July United States Embassy San Salvador.

Retrieved 2 May Archived from the original PDF on 2 July Archived from the original on 10 May Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

Latin American Antiquity. New York: Grove Press. United Nations Treaty Collection. Pressenza — International Press Agency. Amnesty International.

Archived from the original on 29 April La Prensa Grafica. Archived from the original on 2 July Banco Central de Reserva de El Salvador.

Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 17 November Archived from the original on 14 October Archived from the original PDF on 16 May Celebrating Latino Folklore.

Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 23 May Pushes Up Prices in El Salvador". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 29 November Archived from the original on 23 February Archived from the original on 13 February Archived from the original PDF on 11 May Retrieved 12 October Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 29 December Revolution in El Salvador: from civil strife to civil peace.

Boulder, Colo: Westview Press. Retrieved 2 September Migration Information Source. Migration Policy Institute. Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador.

Archived from the original PDF on 3 March Retrieved 6 January General Salvadoran Institute of Statistics and Census. April State Department.

Retrieved 27 March Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 29 January Gobierno de El Salvador. Retrieved 30 March United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Congressional Research Service. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 June Yahoo News. May Archived from the original on 9 July Observatorio Centroamericano sobre Violencia.

Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Retrieved 26 December ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. The New York Times. Jamaica Observer.

Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 24 April Archived from the original on 3 May Radio Guanaca.

Retrieved 25 February El Salvador at Wikipedia's sister projects. Outline Index. Central America. North America. Dependencies and other territories.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikiquote Wikivoyage. Flag Coat of arms. Unitary presidential constitutional republic.

Legislative Assembly. United States dollar a USD. United States. San Salvador Santa Ana. San Salvador. La Libertad. Soyapango San Miguel.

Santa Ana. San Miguel. Santa Tecla. Roman Catholic. Celebrated with Carnival -like events in different cities by the large Catholic population.

International Workers' Day. A celebration with precolonial origins, linked to the advent of the rainy season.

People decorate a cross in their yards with fruit and garlands, in the belief that if they do not, the devil will appear and dance at their yard.

They then go from house to house to kneel in front of the altar and make the sign of the cross. A day to celebrate motherhood, similar to many other countries Mother's Day.

Celebration dedicated to the Children of the country, celebrated across the country. L… Read More. Awards and Recognition Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipid sicing eiusmodtempor.

Image Gallery Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipid sicing eiusmodtempor. Tourism Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipid sicing eiusmodtempor.

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